Goat-Milk-Composition

Goat Milk Composition

Goat husbandry has been part of agriculture since almost the first use of domestic animals and presently its popularity is increasing throughout the world, this increase is reflected to a greater degree by the rise in the number of small herds maintained by individuals either as a source of income or as an avocation. Goats are particularly suited to this role because they have minimal land use and attention requirements yet still allow an individual to become actively involved in dairying. The goat’s milk produced by such enterprise is typically sold as whole milk or processed in cheese, evaporated milk or dried milk products. Because of this increased interest, it is valuable to be aware of the factors affecting the composition and nutritional value of caprine milk. Further, it is worthwhile to compare the milk of goats with that of cows and note benefits or limitations which may result from differences found.

LIPIDS
Goat’s milk derives many of its most distinctive properties from its lipid fraction. The average total fat content in the milk is similar to that found in other ruminant species, (Table 1) despite reports that the percentage of fat in goat’s milk exceeds that of the cow. Such a misconception is most likely derived from the fact that the average percentage of milkfat, as with cow’s milkfat, is a variable component, often ranging between 3.0 and 6.0 percent.

There are also district breed differences in fat composition. It should be remembered, however, the quality and quantity of feeds, genetics season, stage of lactation, etc. all influence the average percentage of goat milkfat. In California DHIA goat records indicate that the dairy goats on test produced milk with a 3.9% milkfat.

The fatty acids in the milkfat are arranged in the triglycerides in accordance with a pattern that appears to be universal among ruminants. The percent unsaturated fatty acids (ol.eic and linolenic) do not differ from the average found for cow’s milk (Table 2). Because of this, goat’s milk does not appear to offer an advantage over cowls milk in use in diets restricting the intake of saturated fats. A major difference between the milkfat of the goat and the cow is the percentage distribution among specific short chain fatty acids. Goats have an appreciably higher proportion of capric, caprylic and caproic acids. The high amounts of these specific fatty acids are responsible for the characteristic flavor and odor associated with goat’s milk.

In terms of cholesterol, goat’s milk appears to offer a specific distinction in comparison to cow’s milk, Cow’s milk typically contains about 14 to 17 mg cholesterol per 100 g milk, while goat’s milk is more usually recorded at 11 to 25 mg per 100 gram of milk. More work, however, needs to be done to establish if there is a real difference.

Two misconceptions about goat’s milk are associated with the fat globule size. First, it is often claimed that goat’s milk is naturally homogenized. This statement is derived from the observations that milkfat from the goat does not cream quickly. This slow creaming was attributed to the belief fat globules in goat milkfat are very much smaller than those found milk. However, the size of the fat globules, on an average is only smaller than those found in cow’s milkfat. The apparent reason for creaming is the lack of a protein (agglutenating euglobulins) which individual fat globules to cluster and rise. This protein is found in cow’s milk. Creaming at higher temperatures, where the rate of clustering is not as dependent on the protein, is probably somewhat related to the fat globule size. Secondly, it is often proposed that the apparent “small” globules in goat’s milk render the fats more digestible. No evidence has been presented to substantiate that point of view.

PROTEIN
The protein fraction of the milk of the goat shows a remarkable similarity to that found in other ruminant species, both in amount and in composition with respect to the specific amino acids. The relative percentage of protein (Table 1) is similar in both the cow and the goat despite past assertions that the protein content of goat’s milk is lower. Such reports are likely the result of the wide range which has existed in reported values. This variation in range is due in part to a lack of standardization of protein testing procedures as well as the wide differences encountered among animals accepted as the same breed and interbreed differences. It is expected that current emphasis on standardization of protein testing procedures and efforts to improve goat breed designation will result in more accurate assessment.

A recent report has suggested that the biological value of products processed from caprine milk may be slightly higher than encountered in those made from bovine milk.

Structurally, the milk protein casein of the goat’s milk is sufficiently different from that found in cow’s milk to be easily differentiated in the lab. The casein miscelles typically exist either as much larger or much smaller aggregations than are found in bovine milk. Because of this it has been suggested that, although the quantity and distribution of amino acids in the casein fractions of the milks of the two species are similar, the sequency of assembly is almost certainly different. This difference is further substantiated by the fact that goat casein is associated with a lower mobility in an electrophoretic field. A similar difference appears to be found in the lactalbumin portion as well, with perhaps more clinical significance. The lactalbumin of bovine milk elicits an allergic response from many individuals, a serious problem, especially for young children. These individuals are often able to consume the milk of goats without suffering that reaction, an effect attributed to the dissimilarities in structure of the two proteins.

LACTOSE
Lactose is the major free carbohydrate that has been identified in the milk of the goat, though small amounts of inositol are also found (Table 1). The lactose concentration is usually found to be lower than that found in cow’s milk, but the magnitude of the difference is hard to quantify because of the variation in methods of analysis employed. A consensus has not been developed on whether to analyze for lactose in the non-hydrated form or the mono-hydrated form, and this water of hydration is capable of introducing a five percent variation in the reported concentration of the same actual amount of lactose. Efforts are being taken to reduce this confusion.

ASH
The total ash (calcium, phosphorous, etc.) content of goat’s milk ranges from 0.78 mg to 0.83 mg per 100 g milk and is considered to be slightly higher than that associated with the cow (Table 1). However, the relative percentages of the ash components appear to be comparable (Table 3). As the nutritional value of milk is often evaluated in terms of the calcium and phosphorous that the milk makes available, it is important to note that the concentrations of these two minerals are similar in the cow and the goat. A significant variation between the milks of the two species should be noted in the chloride concentration, which appears to run higher in the goat. While this elevation may perhaps be physiological in origin, it seems likely that it may also stem from the influence of infectious mastitis which causes the salt (sodium chloride) concentration to increase which is endemic to many small goat herds. Significant amounts of potassium, sodium and magnesium are also reported in caprine milk, their concentrations paralleling those found in bovine samples. While few assays have been completed on the citrate in goat’s milk, indications are that the citrate level is little different than that found in cow’s milk. (Citrate is an important precursor to flavor components in cultured dairy foods.)

It must be realized that the concentrations of the various elements of the ash fraction demonstrate a wide variation, not only in response to the various points in the lactation cycle, but on a daily basis as well. Accurate evaluation entails the averaging of values obtained for a single animal over an extended time or using an average determined from samples taken from several different animals in the same herd on the same day.

Trace mineral analysis of both goat’s milk and cow’s milk are very similar in profile, only slight differences existing in the concentrations recorded for cobalt and molybdenum, differences associated with vitamin B, and xanthine oxidase levels respectively. The association of both cow’s milk and goat’s milk with infantile anemia appears to stem from low levels of iron and copper in these fluids, and the condition is easily reversed by the addition of those trace minerals to the diet.

ENZYMES
The enzymes of the milk of the goat are similar to those of the cow, although some specific differences have been described. Of primary interest, it has been shown that the level of alkaline phosphatase is slightly lower than that found in work with dairy cattle, but the enzyme demonstrates the same degree of heat susceptibility and therefore serves equally well as a pasteurization marker. Peroxidase activity in the milk of both species is the same in all respects, while the xanthine oxidase level is lower in the milk of the goat. Higher levels of activity are observed for both ribonuclease and lysozyme.

VITAMINS
The vitamin contentof goat’s milk has been the subject of considerable study. Goat’s milk differs from cow’s milk in its much lower content of B12. (Table 4).

The meaning of this difference is not entirely clear. Differences in B6 are uncertain when the recent USDA data are examined. Despite the fact that the concentrations of B6 and B12 are equal or exceed those concentrations found in human milk, anemia developed by infants and experimental animals is frequently attributed to deficiencies of these vitamins. However, the fact that the addition of copper and iron to the diet acts to eliminate the anemic condition removes much of the suspicion with which these levels are regarded. It has also been suggested that such an anemia could result from low levels of folic acid; however, the concentration of this vitamin does not differ significantly from that found in cow’s milk.

It is remarkable that caprine milk derives its vitamin A potency entirely from the vitamin itself and entirely lacks the precursor carotenoid pigments characteristic of bovine milk, which also causes goat’s milk and milkfat to be much whiter in color than the milk of the cow.

TABLE 4. Average vitamin content of goat, cow and human milk.

Vitamin Cow Goat Human
Vitamin A(1)(2) 1560.0 (1380) 2074.0 (1850) 1898.0 (2410)
Vitamin D 33 23.7 22.0
Thiamine 0.44 ( .38) 0.40 ( .48) 0.16 (0.14)
Riboflavin 1.75 (1.61) 1.84 (1.38) 0.36 ( .36)
Nicotinic Acid 0.94 ( .84) 1.87 (2.7) 1.47 (1.77)
Vitamin B 6 0.64 ( .42) 0.07 ( .46) 0.10 ( .11)
Pantotheine 3.46 (3.13) 3.44 (3.1) 1.84 (2.23)
Biotin 0.031 0.039 0.008
Folic Acid 0.0028 ( 0.005) 0.0024 (0.001) 0.0020 (0.005)
Vitamin B 12 0.0043 (.0036) 0.0006 (.00065) 0.0003 (,.00045)
Ascorbic Acid 21.1 (14.7) 15.0(13,0) 43.0 (50)
Choline 121.0 150.0 90.0
Inositol 110.0 210.0 330.0

(1) Vitamin A expressed in International Units/liter; all others as mg/liter. (2) Numbers in ( ) are from the USDA Handbook 8-1 (1976).

MILK PRODUCTION
Seasonal variations characterize the concentrations of several of the constituents of goat’s milk in a manner analogous to that observed in dairy cattle. Such variations include fluctuations in the amounts of fat, SNF, and minerals (particularly calcium and phosphorous) and follow a pattern in which concentrations are highest in the colostrum and decline to minima in the third or fourth month of lactation and slowly increase therafter. As freshening among goats in temperature zones typically occurs in the winter or early spring, the minima are associated with summer milk production. While the same phenomenon is observed in bovine milk production, the magnitude of the fluctuation in that species does not appear to be as great. In addition to these seasonal variations, the milk of goats is found to have significant daily variation associated with almost every component. These daily fluctuations become especially pronounced after the fourth month of lactation when minimum concentrations have been passed.

A factor of prime importance in milk production is the type and adequacy of the feed that goats use. One of the attractions of goats is that they can be maintained on pasture that would be marginal or inaccessible to other dairy animals, but such pastures are seldom sources of optimum diets for any animal and one might expect the quality of the milk to suffer. Surprisingly, the nutritive value of the goat’s milk remains constant over a wide range of feeding conditions and similar concentrations for nutrients should be expected from most feeds. A diet of low quality does not assert itself, however, in causing a decrease in the amount of milk produced. The major controlling element in the diet in this event is the energy content of the feed.

GOAT’S MILK PRODUCTS
Goat’s milk lends itself to use in the same types of products that are considered for cow’s milk, and perhaps surpasses the cow’s milk in some categories. Major amounts of goat’s milk are processed annually into dried milk, evaporated milk, cheese and yogurt as well as being sold as bottled whole milk. In 1965, 1,300,000 gallons were used in the production of evaporated and canned products. The use of goat’s milk in the production of cheese has become very widespread in France. This use is largely based on the capacity of goat milk curd to be frozen and produce a product not only equal but often considered better in flavor than one in which freezing did not take place. This process is normally accomplished without using salt and the curd can be held for up to six months at 5°F.

A major difficulty that must be faced by many small dairymen, and especially common with goat herds, is meeting government standards of sanitation for a commercial product. Many small operators have been forced out of the business because of the expense and time commitment involved in satisfying health standards, and now raise goats only for an avocation or for noncommercial distribution of their products.

GOATS IN THE FUTURE
As can be seen from the foregoing analysis goat dairying is an enterprise that is capable of producing a product that rivals the more customary fluid, cow’s milk, in most respects, and yet is far less intense in its energy and land use requirements. These characteristics make it an attractive avenue for many individuals who would like to become involved with dairying, but face any of a number of restrictions. A major difficulty faced by the industry has been the lack of a definite compositional profile for goat’s milk, without which it has been difficult to compare the milk with that of the cow and thus demonstrate its nutritive value. What information that has been available has often complicated this problem because of the wide range of reported values. The Dairy Herd Improvement Program which is particularly active in California, is making large studies in eliminating this problem by delineating procedures for participants in the program. It is hoped that the information gathered in this program will not only provide information on the nutritional values typical in goat herds in the Western United States, but will also create more rigid controls on the various breeds of goats and clarify differences among these breeds.

catering-kitchens-for-rent

Important Facts In Catering Business

If you’re one of those fearless people who enjoy giving elegant dinner parties, you get rave reviews from guests and your relatives beg to have holidays at your house because of your cooking, then catering might be your cup of tea. As a caterer, you’ll plan menus and elegant or playful presentations for everything from company picnics to debutante balls, then cook it all up, deliver it to the event, serve it and clean up afterward. You can specialize in affairs like weddings; specific goodies like cakes or cookies; or clients like corporations, charities or individual parties.

A catered organization business provides foods program for the company occasions for example conferences, conferences, employee morale boosters, and grand openings. It also provides service for small or large events, weddings, and even private dinner events. The most important portion of operating any business is gaining purchasers. You truly ought to be a salesman having a magnetic persona from the catered group. You will be coping with distinctive clientele including business executives, celebration planners, and nervous brides. So which you can close to the sale, you might be heading to have to persuade them which you will not only provide a memorable feast, but it’ll possibly be there on time, offered attractively, and served rapidly and unobtrusively. Productive caterers go out and produce a referral network to be able to drum up organization. You ought to introduce yourself to other women and men and businesses which could possibly be involved in event and occasion preparing as very well. Some of those women and men contain wedding ceremony planners, bridal boutiques, pastry chefs, florists, and card and celebration offer shopkeepers. Generally have on brochures and business enterprise cards offered to supply out. But, don’t leave it at that – confirm in frequently to do the job up a mutual operating romantic relationship. You’ll be capable to also acquire firm by bringing a couple of snazzy hors d’oeuvres or tasty desserts to produce as goodwill gestures. This really is really a fantastic solution to create particular that you are remembered fondly and may well properly even end result in vendors referring you to their clientele. It’s achievable to send a product sales letter and brochure to organization offices along with other kinds of enterprises to acquire prospective clients then, comply with it up getting a phone call. You will be able to also request an appointment to discuss your experience.

Other than a commercial kitchen, the only things you need to get started are a phone and a delivery vehicle. A computer and printer are always nice but not a necessity for starters. You can get around the kitchen problem by arranging to use a restaurant’s facility for a small fee in its off-hours or by sharing the rental costs of a commercial kitchen and its use with other caterers.

Like any company, your success with catering will most likely be immediately linked to the power of one’s preparing, as well as the execution of that strategy. You are required to realize precisely what your customer wants, and provides that in the way that displays upon the customer positively. Amazingly ample, only seventy percent from your restaurant enterprise is created up of meals, although using the rest goes to firm, group, and so forth. Actually this changes in the catering group. Thirty percent inside the catered organization business is meals even however the rest goes to delivery, transporting the meals, lining up rental gear, and juggling personnel. This actually is precisely exactly where your organizational abilities truly count. Prioritizing duties and devoting your extremely finest perform to finishing each job successfully is what it’s going to take to recognize accomplishment in this business. Enthusiasm, discipline, and intelligent option generating are also essential elements to making your venture do effectively. Consistently maintain the clientele would like your priority. Treat them with endurance and understanding in any respect events. They should comprehend that you simply have what it normally requires making the greatest out of any situation.

If you have just about any questions relating to where in addition to how you can use used catering equipment or where to search for catering kitchens for rent , please feel free to email me.

alarm-monitoring

What to look for in an Alarm Monitoring Company

How does the alarm monitoring work?

Alarm system have a built in dialer that uses your phone line (or VOIP) to communicate with the Central Station. The Central Station (central station) receives the data from your alarm panel and brings the information up to a live operator. She can see the nature of the alarm (burglary, fire, panic, duress…) and the location of the problem (front door, basement motion detector, attic smoke detector…). The Central Station operator can then dispatch police, fire or medical departments to the account.

Alarm monitoring companies do the job of monitoring your security systems for you to provide total protection when you sleep or when you are away. Although there are security systems that stand alone without the need for constant monitoring, monitored systems provide more security and more assurance that the proper authorities reach you in time in case emergencies and other threats occur. Monitoring companies provide just that service, allowing homeowners to sleep better at night knowing that someone is looking after them and their property as they sleep. However, not all alarm monitoring companies are the same. Here are some tips on how to choose the best Fire Watch Guards.

Security company must be listed with the BBB
Although most security companies are legitimate, doing a background check with the BBB can help you narrow your choices down. You can also check customer reviews to see which companies are rated high by customers according to services, response times, and customer support. A BBB check will also help you find out if the company has any complaints lodged against it.

Ask about response times
This is one thing every homeowner should ask the alarm monitoring company. Response time is the time that runs between the call placed by the monitoring company and the time police and other personnel arrive. How efficiently a security company processes alarm signals from its clients plays a huge part in how long the response time is.

Ask about add-on services
Ask about the services that the company is throwing in for free. Most companies offer freebies such as free carbon monoxide and fire detection services for a year. Working with a company that offers a wide range of services is also a good idea. For example, AlarmRelay offers cellular and internet monitoring on top of regular services such as monitored opening and closing and email notifications.

These are just a few things to consider when choosing an alarm monitoring company. Do your research, know what services you need, and what questions to ask. Alarm monitoring is a very affordable service but it increases the protection around your family and property by 100%. Make sure to choose the best alarm monitoring company that can give you and your family the safety you deserve.

eventsecurity

Make your event run smooth and safe

Security personnel are often the first people your clients or the public will meet and therefore they have the responsibility of ensuring that the first impression people have of your business is a good one. When you’re putting on an event, whether large or small, you want to be sure that the people attending are safe and protected. Whether you have a regular venue or a special event coming up, it’s important for your reputation to provide a high quality events security and management service that is hospitable and welcoming the guests, while maintaining the highest level of safety and security for them. The team at Fast Guard Service Event Security can provide the best quality Events Security and Management services and ensure that everything runs seamlessly, allowing you to relax and enjoy the event. They help you plan and execute your events successfully with full safety and security. They have extensive experience working in a huge range of venues and events, including bars, pubs, clubs, restaurants, festivals and private gatherings. They provided a crowd control service to ensure the safety and security of everyone involved, while remaining respectful and extending the best in hospitality towards your guests.

They specialize in offering Events Security in USA at all venues. All on-site security staff hold Responsible Services of Alcohol and Responsible Conduct of Gambling Certificates, as well as all the required security certifications, and are extremely well-trained to cope with any situation that may arise. For larger events, their team of dedicated professionals will help you through every step of the process from pre-event planning and risk management to event security. They can help with every aspect of crowd control, from controlling car parks and entry validation to dealing with lost property, missing persons and aggressive patrons as well as regular crowd control or extensive service which also includes ensuring that fire and emergency exits are kept clear, and have been thoroughly tested before the event begins. The professional staff are also trained to act as first responder and liaise with ambulance, fire and police services in the case of any emergency.

Fast Guard Service Event Security benefit from a wealth of experience in the Security sector and are qualified in all areas of the security industry. They work closely with you to ensure we tailor the service required to meet the individual needs of your business or event. The security staff are fully vetted, trained and licensed personnel who will represent you and your business in a professional manner and are dedicated to providing you and your clients with a first class service. The experience enables them to fully evaluate your security needs and provide the appropriate security services you require.

escrow

What Exactly Is Escrow?

“Escrow” refers to a method in which big payments for things like houses, deeds, and other securities are processed.

Essentially, being ‘in escrow’ means that a payment is temporarily held by a safe third party until it has been determined that the seller has fulfilled their end of the bargain. It is a simple way to keep large scale transactions safe and ensure that neither party loses money if the deal doesn’t work out.

This guide to the basics of escrow will tell you a little more and help you get to grips with what it might mean for you.

The Classic Example

So, the best example of being in escrow is if you were to buy a house. You wouldn’t pay the sum directly to the seller (or at least, they wouldn’t receive it right away). It would be paid into a secure escrow holding account until all of the paperwork and supplementary fees have been paid on both sides of the arrangement.

When the process is fully complete, the escrow agent (manager of the account) releases the sum to the seller and the deal is closed. In some countries, they use a similar rule to protect rental deposits. A deposit is paid at the beginning of the rental term, but it doesn’t go directly to the landlord. Instead, it sits in a holding account, until the lease is expired or terminated.

This ensures that the landlord can’t spend the deposit and then refuse to return it when the tenant wants to leave. It is similar to escrow but on a smaller scale. The service itself has to be provided by a company that is not affiliated with either yourself or the seller. Otherwise, the whole point of escrow would be moot.

The third party can’t have any stake in who the money is eventually released to.

Deciding to Waive Escrow

It is also possible to waive escrow if it doesn’t suit your situation or you want to speed up a sale. This is the most common reason why people reject it; they’re buying a house and they want to move in as quickly as possible. There are fees required to do this, however, so it isn’t usually the best option.

It is also important to understand that escrow is a secure method of transaction. It is designed to protect the interests of both parties, but particularly the buyer. It isn’t every day that a person hands over the huge sum of money needed to purchase a property and it shouldn’t be done as casually as you might buy a new suit.

Escrow is a robust and secure form of financial protection. It ensures that you never do your bit and pay your fees, only to receive less than what you were promised. It does mean that transactions take a little longer to be processed, but the extra security is worth the wait. Use reputable and professional corporate advisors to help you along the process

Always take the correct professional advice before undertaking any legal agreement

spanish-real-estate

Moving to Spain- There’s No Place Like Home!

You have found that picturesque destination and you have discovered the perfect place to invest in Spanish real estate. You have also done your research and you have made a budget for how you can live comfortably for years to come. Everything is perfect… or is it? No matter how cheap and wonderful everything may seem, the most important question to ask when moving overseas is, can you really love this new place you are putting so much effort into? Just because you are able to get the most of your money doesn’t always mean that life is always going to be happy.

What you need to do is take a step back and examine the clues. It is unreasonable to expect that all the conveniences of your former residence will be present in your new home. So you are going to need to learn to make do with what is at your disposal. Therefore it is important to like or at least appreciate almost every aspect of your new home: Such as the culture, the food, the weather, and the entertainment. If you can’t like the basic things, then the transition is not going to be as satisfactory as one may hope.

It is normal to experience a certain amount of culture shock in the beginning: Also a bad day every once in a while is unavoidable, no matter where you live. The important thing is that once the bad day has passed you can sit back and enjoy your home. Home is the key word here; feeling like a stranger in your new environment is no way to spend your life, after all the effort and research you put into actually getting yourself to that point.

So before making the final commitment, close your eyes, step outside of the moment, and click your heels three times saying “there is no place like home”. Hopefully when you open your eyes, your new place of residence will be exactly that; HOME.

cope-with-arthritis

Learning to Cope with Arthritis

Having dealt with rheumatoid arthritis for 28 years, I would like to share some strategies I have developed that enable me to live life on my own terms.

At 36 I was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). I have been dealing with this debilitating disease for the past 28 years. During that time I have endured 11 surgical procedures, a variety of medical cocktails, and a significant vision loss due to pharmaceutical side effects. But at age 64 I am still biking, hiking, cooking and playing with my four grandchildren. With the use of visual aids I write a regular blog on education. Below are the guidelines I employ to ensure that my life will continue to be lived on my terms.

Be the most effective patient possible

Physicians treat hundreds of patients. You are responsible for only one. Consequently, the person who is best positioned to give you intense and focused attention is the one in the mirror. Only you can ensure that your medications are always taken correctly, your diet is healthy and balanced and your exercise regimen is as rigorous as possible. You are the best person to monitor your symptoms and accurately report any significant physical changes to your doctor.

Dealing with a long-term disease is a partnership

The more you know about your disease, the more you will be able to help in your treatment. Read everything about your illness, talk to others who have had similar experiences and most of all ask questions. Medical practitioners want patients who work with them, ask good questions and offer critical insights into their condition. There is one inescapable reality that every patient must understand – no medical professional, regardless of how devoted or dedicated, will care as much about you as you do. And the best way to advocate for yourself is to understand your situation as completely as possible.

There is no “lemon law” for your body

Dwelling on the “what-ifs” of your health is a waste of time and resources. The sooner you accept that there are no recalls, re-dos, or returns for your body, the sooner you can maximize the rest of your life. Your joints may hurt, but you are still moving. Your vision may be limited, but you can still see beautiful things. Each day may be far from perfect, but it could always be worse. Reminiscing about when you were healthy or worrying about tomorrow will not improve your current health. The present is the only phase of your life you can actually control.

Use pain medications aggressively

The purpose of pain is to inform the brain that something is wrong with your body. At this point in time you probably already have more than enough data to confirm that fact. Enduring more pain than necessary can be as crippling as the disease itself. There are wonderful medications available that, when used appropriately, will result in a vastly improved quality of life. More times than not, “toughing it out” results in straining personal relationships, thwarting physical improvement and ultimately narrowing one’s life.

Never lose hope; medical history is rewritten every day

New medical breakthroughs are occurring on a daily basis. Diseases that were terminal 20 years ago are now being routinely controlled. Surgeries that required weeks in a hospital and months of recuperation are now outpatient procedures that find the patients back to their normal routine in days. Think of yourself as the backup quarterback at the Super Bowl. Always be prepared for your big opportunity. Keep your body and mind in the best shape possible and wait for the medical cavalry to arrive with an amazing new approach to your disease.

Surgery can be a good thing 

Surgical procedures do not come with guarantees of positive outcomes. Manual corrections to something as complex as the human body should never be equated to auto repair work. In many cases the risks far outweigh the potential gains. But if you talk to ten people who have had a knee or hip replacement, at least nine will tell you their only regret was they did not have it done sooner. Although the procedure may be exceedingly painful and the rehab can be long and arduous, many joint replacements can restore activities that had either become impossible or terribly difficult. Three to six months of work is a bargain for fifteen or more years of vigorous activity and reduction of pain.

Accepting help is not a sign of weakness

If there are people who can help you lift, read, explain, or encourage, let them. Save your strength and energy for the activities you can do without the aid of others. Combining “stubborn” and “disease” too often results in “failure.” People with a long-term disease need someone they can talk to when in crisis. Venting anger, frustration and sadness is critical to coping. This person can provide a haven where complaining and self-pity are acceptable.

improve-seo

Five Fab Ways To Improve Your SEO

SEO tip #1 – Don’t ignore the social media revolution!

Social media has grown to a massive degree over the past 3 or 4 years. Ignore it and you are missing out on a huge opportunity. Whether it’s Facebook, Linkedin, Digg, Twitter, Youtube or any other site, you should be looking to raise your brand awareness across them all. You will not only raise awareness, but also bring in traffic to your site. Most of these sites allow you to add widgets to your site to allow users to cast votes on your content. Again, great content will command greater votes, which ultimately will lead to greater traffic.

SEO tip #2- Get your link structure right

Link structure is important for a number of key reasons. First of all, it is important that your visitors can find what they are looking for, and a logical and easy to follow navigation will help them to do just that. Equally as important is having a good linking structure to help the Search Engine spiders from indexing every page on your site. There are an overwhelming number of webmasters that query why only certain pages have been indexed. A bad / disorganized linking structure is usually one of the key attributes behind this (along with the omission of a site map and robots.txt file – this is covered next).

You want to have all your key web pages linked to from every page on your site. This helps optimize internally through building link popularity for these pages. Use the keywords in the anchor text that you are looking to rank for on the target page. For example, don’t use the word ‘Home’ in your navigation. If your site is about Computers, use ‘Computers’ or ‘Best Computer Buys’ as this optimizes your home page for these keywords.

You should also look to have relevant articles posted across sections on your site. If you have a section on ‘Poker Tournaments’, create a number of articles on ‘Poker Tournaments’ that relate to that section alone. This increases internal link relevancy and helps boost your SEO. Remember if you have one page about a topic across a large site, the Search Engines will see it as a standalone page. Build 100 articles on the same topic (and interlink them) and you will be given more relevancy kudos!

SEO tip #3 – Include a Robots.txt file

This helps the Search Engine bots index your entire site. It sits in the root directory on your server and tells the bot which pages to index and which to ignore. It is important to make sure that the file is formatted correctly or you may mistakenly stop a page from being indexed. Stay secure – there are spamming bots that collect data and don’t pay attention to a Robots.txt file. If you have sensitive information (eg email addresses or customer details), put it in a secure directory.

SEO tip #4 – Include a Site Map

It is sensible to have a site map both for your visitors to find what they want and also for the Search Engines to be able to find every page and index it (it it isn’t indexed, it won’t be displayed in the results = no traffic and no benefit from the potential internal linking). Make sure it is compliant with the new Google sitemap format. The entries on your site map need to be intuitive and grouped logically to provide the perfect blueprint of your entire site. Do some research. Look at the top websites and see how they organize their site maps. Remember, we don’t need to reinvent the wheel. SEO is about analyzing the sites that are already considered to be best and seeing what they are doing to get there.

SEO tip #5 – optimizing your code / writing clean code

Just because you can’t see the code that supports the words, doesn’t mean it isn’t important. Tools like Dreamweaver don’t write code very well. Whilst this isn’t the post to teach you how to write good code, here are a couple of examples:

  1. a) All websites have graphics. Use your keywords to name your graphics (.i.e. arm-chairs.jpg) and also use your keywords in the ALT tags that you assign to your graphics. This adds to the relevancy on the page. The same logic applies as mentioned previously in tip #4. Alter the keywords that you use so not to be considered spamming.
  2. b) The less code on the page the better. There are ways of reducing the code on the page. For example, you can bold a word by adding <strong>This word bolded</strong>. It can also be written as <b>This word bolded</b>. Programs like Dreamweaver bold using the STRONG tags, which can be improved by using the ‘b’ tag. Note that the only reason this hasn’t been done in this article is that Hubpages don’t allow the <b> tag! There are many other examples of ways you can reduce the text on the page. CSS achieves this to a far greater extent as things like graphics are not embedded on the page. This also helps reduce load time.
  3. c) If you have written your code in HTML, use an HTML validator to validate the code you have written. A good one is : http://htmlhelp.com/tools/validator/.
  4. d) Use title tags in your links – this is the text that is displayed when a user hovers over your link. This helps optimization. An example of how this can be done well: <a title=”Custom Arm Chairs” href=”http://www.mysite.com”>Custom Arm Chairs</a>. Notice the use of our keywords.
  5. e) Putting emphasis on your keywords – this can be done by bolding, underlining or having keywords in italics. This is best done at the top of your page. This simply emphasises the importance of the keyword in relation to your article.

All this work is best done using a professional digital agency that has a strong reputation of complying with Google’s guidelines, if not, you can find yourself falling foul of the penalties they can apply to your website

spain-cost-of-living

Moving To Spain? Let’s Talk About The Cost of Living

If you are considering moving to a new life in Spain then it is important that you plan your budget in advance. If you have a job offer on the table you need to get an idea of how far the salary will take you. Don’t get on the plane without a clear idea of the cost of living in Spain. Whilst Spain has a reputation as one of the cheapest destinations in Western Europe, one must not lose sight of the fact that wages are low, and that real estate is disproportionately expensive.

This article has a lot of data points, but here are a few fast facts to give you a sense of pricing: you can get a haircut for 10 Euros, a beer for 2, but may have to pay 50 Euros a month for a gym to work off the calories. A cheap date can be had for 16 Euros if you take in a movie (6 Euros) and tapas for two (10 Euros).

With real estate, if you are thinking of buying in one of the major cities then as at February 2010 you will be paying around 3,500 Euros per square meter for a centrally located flat. This is about 30% less than 2009 prices, and compares to around 11 Euros per month per square meter if you want to rent. This data applies to Barcelona and Madrid, but rent gets cheaper in cities like Seville where it drops to as low as 6 Euros per square meter per month.

One thing to watch out for is the Balearic Islands: The prices can be higher than the mainland.

Once you are in your property; whether purchased or rented, you are responsible for paying the utilities. Even in a modest flat these expenses can soon rack with gas costing around 25 Euros per month per person when used to heat water and a stove. Electricity costs around the same, and will rise in the summer by 15 Euros per month if it is used for air conditioning. Phone bills will depend on your usage, but bear in mind that a landline costs at least 20 Euros per month just for line rental. Parking is usually extra when you rent a flat, and in cities expect to pay around 100 Euros a month.

The cost of healthcare will vary depending on your country of origin. If you are from Europe then you may benefit from a reciprocal arrangement with your home nation insurance. The important thing is to check the facts and make sure that you are insured; otherwise this could end up being an expense that bankrupts you.

Eating out need not be expensive if you know the right places: A meal for two can cost as little as 10 Euros at a decent tapas joint, and you can get a beer for 2 Euros – these are prices far lower than places like London and Paris. And some say the food it tastier too! Groceries for one can come in at under 200 Euros a month.

So all told what is the cost of living in Spain? Well it will vary with income, but to have a decent lifestyle you should make sure you have at least 1,500 Euros of disposable income each month.

second-home-in-spain

Benefits of Owning a Second Home in Spain

Spain is one of the most popular countries in Europe for holiday-makers and tourists. The climate is enviable, with hot summers and mild winters. Every region of Spain has its own, unique culture, different styles of food, traditions and local fiestas. One thing, that every city, town or village, has in common is a warm welcome.

If you are thinking of buying a second home, you are sure to find a place in Spain that has the right life-style for you. Costal areas are a great attraction; the Costa Brava, Costa  Dorada, Costa del Sol or the Costa Blanca, are all tempting locations for a second home. For city lovers, Seville, Madrid, Granada or Barcelona, are all historic, cosmopolitan cities, ideal for holiday apartments. Spain has locations for all tastes; there is the Camino de Santiago to be walked and the slopes of Sierra Nevada to be skied.

Owning your own second home means that you visit whenever you wish, and for as long as you wish. Budget allowing, you can choose the type of property you want, be it a studio, an apartment, a town house or a villa. Your property will be suitable for you and your family and you can equip it to your needs and taste. Excess luggage does not have to be carried to and fro; it can be left in a wardrobe.

Many second home owners find that an extended stay in the winter months is beneficial with blue skies and lower heating bills.

Owning a second home will mean that you will have more time to get to know the region of your choice. Spanish is a relatively easy language to pick up, and in general, the local residents are helpful. Local shops and markets supply very fresh, seasonal fruit and vegetables, a wide variety of different fish, and fresh meat. Visiting “bodegas” and enjoying “tapas” are part of the Spanish way of life and a custom well worth adopting.

Many people find it financially beneficial to rent out their home to holidaymakers or travel companies. If you are interested in using your second home for holiday renting, it will be necessary to check with the local town hall authorities, in order to ensure that permission for holiday rental is available. A good number of apartment blocks and housing estates are solely for residential purposes and can only be let for long term rentals.

Home prices vary largely and at the moment there is a glut of properties on the market, so it can be a good time to invest. Take into consideration travel needs; you do not want to be too far from buses, trains or airports. Some bargains are to be found for a quick sale, but it is always best not to rush when buying abroad. A second home in Spain should be an investment to be enjoyed.

web design miami

Web design elements to keep in mind

So, you are debating a website for your business. You’ve been looking at a lot of websites, especially those of your competitors, but you’re still confused over which features would be good for your site. Let’s see if we can eliminate some of the confusion.

The big decision is to decide what the purpose of your site is going to be. Obviously, it’s to sell your business; there is no question of that. The question is how you want to do that. There are three basic ways to do that: a stand-alone site, a community-oriented site, or a shopping cart. All other features will come from that.

Stand-alone sites are the default. They are the easiest to maintain, are the cheapest to create, and hold your place on the web. For a small business that just needs something to lead customers to your salespeople, a stand-alone site can work rather well. Since you also looking for something that requires little maintenance, the site will also have few features beyond an index page, listed contacts, a history of the company, biographies of its leadership and salespeople, and some of the products or services that the company offers. There may pictures of the business, and possibly a catalog in either pdf or doc format, but not much more. After all, the idea is to simply act as an advertisement and little else. Please feel free to contact me if you need help. I work with top-notch web design miami firm before.

Community-oriented sites are a bit more involved. Not only do you need to design everything that a stand-alone site does, or at least have that information somewhere on the site, you also need to create something that will help build community. At this point, you need to build some sort of discussion board, or other means for people to share information. The discussion board is optimal, as you provide a way for people to share information and to get help, preferably in topics that are relevant to what services or products at your store. You can also allow them to share art projects or other images, act as classified ads, or even just post notices. Just be advised that this site requires a lot of maintenance.

Shopping carts are great for businesses that are product oriented. A customer places an order through the site, and then someone in real life fulfills the order. This site is reasonably low-maintenance (all that is required is to update products, prices, and specials), and enables you to take advantage of the internet to sell your products.

Ultimately, whichever features you choose should serve to sell your business. Decide on how much maintenance you want to do, and what the purpose of the site is, and then go for it. The website is yours; just make sure that it does what you want to do, and don’t throw too many bells and whistles at it and you should do fine. You don’t want your site looking too garish, or giving a potential headache to potential customers. Remember that, and your site will do more than you could ever hope that it would.

seo miami

What exactly is search engine optimization?

The term search engine optimization has not been fully defined in one simple sentence. This is because search engine optimization is made up of several components. However, our purposes we can to find search engine optimization as a set of methods used to improve the visibility of a website in the search engine listings. The goal is to rank number one in the search engine listings. You want to rank high in search engines such as Google, Yahoo and MSN. Seeing as Google is one of the most popular search engines out there, we will focus on how to improve your rankings in the Google search engine.

Google uses several factors to assess where your site belongs in the search engines results page (SERP). Google does this by using internal and external factors that surround your website. Internal factors are factors such as new content, outgoing links, header tags, and so forth. External factors is basically the number of back links, which is the number of other websites linking back to your page.

When you are creating your website it is extremely important to make the content relevant to your target audience. By grouping your content into different areas on your website, you can easily pick up lots of search engine traffic. This not only helps people find your website but it helps keep your website organized so that people will return to visit it and maybe even bookmark it for future references. Just having content on its own is not enough to rank high in the search engines. In order to rank high on search engines, like Google, it is important to continuously update your website and provide new content or new articles. Generally when someone designs a website they do not keep the idea of updating the site in mind. It is one of the most overlooked factors of search engine optimization. It is also probably one of the most important ways to rank high in the Google search engines and one of the easiest ways to build your page rank.

While building content is important to build your page rank and build your ranking in Google, it is less than half of the battle to achieving a high ranking in the Google search engines. The the rest of the battle involves link building. There are two ways to build your links there is internal link building and there is external link building. One of the easiest ways to quickly increase your page rank is to build inbound links to your site. this simply means having links throughout your website that link to each page this may be done with a site map or by simply having a table of contents. Once you have built up your inbound links you will want to focus on external links. External links is when somebody else links their webpage to your webpage. It is a bit like high school, the more popular you are the more friends you will have. In terms of websites the more people you have linking to your website the more popular your website will become. If need help, please feel free to leave a comment, it is my honor to help you. A friend of mine is a senior seo consultant in seo miami firm.

As you can see a search engine optimization is something that takes time and work and requires you to create new content build inbound links and build external links. It is important to pay attention to detail and do all three of these things if you only do one or two of these things you may not get the desired results.

Learning-Spanish-Online

Learning Spanish Online With Spanish Scholars

If there is one language that is quite easy to learn, it would be the Spanish language.  However, some people find it challenging to master the proper accent and diction when speaking it.  While it may seem difficult at first, the Spanish language makes use of specific pronunciation techniques that makes learning it so much simpler.

If you are one of the many people who are keen on knowing these techniques and learning how to speak like a Spanish native, the internet would be a great place to start.   Try Spanish Scholars, an online based immersion program that was design for children to learn Spanish.   but will work for all  ages.  When it comes to learning Spanish for kids, Spanish Scholars is the industry leader due to its intuitive and communicative approach.

Learning Spanish Online

A basic yet effective means to learn Spanish is to look for and enroll in an online program that teaches the fundamentals of the language. There are hundreds of different software tutors available, each of them providing lessons on speaking Spanish. The problem because finding the  right course that caters to your specific needs and learning curve.   with Spanish scholars you can go at your own pace and not worry about scheduling a time or finding the right online tutor.

A Budget-Friendly Option

Learning a foreign language can be quite expensive, especially if you decide to enroll in an actual school or university. That’s why many individuals are choosing to study Spanish online instead, as these program courses are usually more budget-friendly and cost-effective. Utilizing one of the several Spanish study plans that you may find online is one of the finest means to understanding Spanish without paying a ton of money to do so, Spanish Scholars is one of this online programs.

There are some free online courses you may take that already provide some helpful lessons on basic Spanish grammar or sentence structure. However, if you want a more thorough understanding of the language, registering in an online program is the best thing to do.

Learning at the Comfort of Your Home

Another great reason to take a Spanish language program online is the fact that you never have to leave your house just to learn how to speak it. Rather than spend your time driving to a center or a language institution every day, you could only sit on your favorite couch and open your laptop. Knowing how to speak Spanish properly becomes easier when you get to do it right from the comfort of your home.  When it comes to your kids this is the perfect method to allow them to learn from the comfort of  your home.

Have More Fun While Learning

If you are the type of person who is not into the daily grind of a typical classroom setting, an online Spanish class would be a great alternative. Getting an online software program allows you to focus more and study at your pace. Plus, you don’t have to worry about the lessons being boring as these programs offer a lot of fun practice tests as well as online games that you could play while learning the language.

If you wish to get to write or speak Spanish today, only search online for a course offering you’re interested in and get the software program. Whether it’s in the community or the workplace, you can now increase your communication skills and widen your network when you learn Spanish.